Multi-Tier Systems of Support
What is MTSS?
A Multi-Tiered System of Support (MTSS) integrates all students. It is a process that provides high-quality, research-based instruction based on learner needs. Needs are identified by monitoring students’ progress. Adjustments to instruction and interventions are based on students’ performance and rate of success. MTSS promotes a well-integrated system, connecting general, gifted, and special education with intervention and enrichment services. MTSS provides high-quality, standards-based instruction and intervention that is matched to students’ academic, social and behavioral needs. MTSS was previously referred to as Response to Intervention.
Key Principles of MTSS
- Intervene early
- Use a multi-tiered model of service delivery
- Match instruction to the learners’ needs
- Use progress-monitoring data to change instruction within each tier
- Use research-based interventions and instruction
- Monitor student-progress frequently
- Employ practices to ensure that interventions are implemented consistently and correctly
- Document and encourage parental involvement in all steps of the process
Potential Benefits of MTSS
- Improves education for ALL students
- Eliminates the “wait to fail” situation that prevents at-risk students from receiving services earlier rather than later
- Provides instructionally relevant, easily understood information through progress-monitoring techniques
- Allows us to know what works NOW to improve students’ skills
- Encourages collaboration among educators, families, and community members
Key MTSS Terms
The multi-Tiered System of Support provides different levels of instruction based on student needs.
- Tier 1 (low risk) consists of the core curriculum and should meet the needs of approximately 80% of students
- Tier 2 (some risk) is aimed to provide a focused intervention for students who are not fully responding to core instruction. Up to15% of students may require small group instruction designed to supplement the core curriculum
- Tier 3 (high risk) is the most intensive level of intervention. Approximately 5% of students may need this level of individual or small group intervention
Universal Screening: A procedure in which all students are given an academic screening assessment three times per year for the purpose of identifying those students in need of specialized interventions.
Progress-Monitoring: A practice used to frequently assess students’ academic progress to determine the effectiveness of the intervention.
Response to Intervention (RtI): A specific, legal means to qualify a student for special education services that can be an outgrowth of a Multi-Tiered System of Support.
What is the Role of the Parent/Guardian in MTSS?
Parents play a critical role in supporting what their children are learning in school. Research is clear that the more parents are involved in student learning, the higher the student achievement. Parents can be involved in the process by communicating any concerns to the child’s teacher, providing insight into their child’s learning and development and assisting with identified interventions at home.